Knowledge database on asset recovery

The Jean Monnet Chair at NUP aims to stimulate and share knowledge on the EU’s action targeting illicit proceeds. For this reason, this website hosts a comprehensive open-access database of all relevant EU initiatives and news, legislative and non-legislative material (regulations, communications, reports) and case law in this area. More specifically, you can refer to the following sources:

Key policy documents and reports (newest first)

Binding EU instruments

The following EU instruments are currently in force (August 2021)

Following the adoption of Council Decision 2007/845/JHA, National Asset Recovery Offices (AROs) help in depriving criminals from their criminal profits. They identify assets that have been illegally acquired on their territories and facilitate the exchanges of relevant information at European level.

In 2014, the European Parliament and the Council adopted Directive 2014/42/EU, which sets minimum rules for the freezing, management and confiscation of criminal assets. Member States were obliged to transpose its provisions into national law by 4 October 2016.

Moreover, Regulation (EU) 2018/1805 on the mutual recognition of freezing and confiscation orders facilitates cross-border asset recovery and make the freezing and confiscation of criminal assets across the EU quicker and simpler. It applies to all freezing and confiscation orders issued within the framework of proceedings in criminal matters, thus including conviction and non-conviction based confiscation.

Finally, Directive 2019/1153 grants law enforcement authorities and Asset Recovery Offices with direct access to bank account information for the purposes of fighting serious crime and aims to improve the cooperation between law enforcement authorities and Financial Intelligence Units and facilitate the exchange of information between Financial Intelligence Units.

Past initiatives

  • Council Framework Decision 2001/500/JHA of 26 June 2001 on money laundering, the identification, tracing, freezing, seizing and confiscation of instrumentalities and the proceeds of crime
  • Council Framework Decision 2005/212/JHA of 24 February 2005 on Confiscation of Crime-Related Proceeds, Instrumentalities and Property
  • Council Framework Decision 2006/783/JHA of 6 October 2006 on the application of the principle of mutual recognition to confiscation orders

Europol documents and reports